“Healthy” restaurant salads stuffed with secret salt: Survey

salad

Huge amounts of salt continue to be added to many restaurant, café and supermarket salads, according to a new survey by Consensus Action on Salt & Health (CASH). This is despite calls in 2010 to lower salt in salads, as certain restaurateurs and food manufacturers continue to sneak in large amounts of unnecessary salt when it comes to serving up their ‘healthier’ dishes and raising the nation’s blood pressure.

CASH surveyed 650 ready-to-eat salads available for purchase from supermarkets, restaurants, cafes and fast food restaurants and found over three quarters (77% – 511 products) to contain more salt than a packet of crisps (0.5g/portion) [Ref 2].
Of the out of home salads:

  • A McDonald’s ‘Crispy Chicken & Bacon Salad’ has MORE salt (1.3g vs 1.2g), fat (19g vs 8g) and calories (380kcal vs 250kcal) per portion than a McDonald’s Hamburger.
  • Pizza Express’ ‘Grand Chicken Caesar Salad’ contains an astonishing 5.3g salt/serving, the equivalent of two and a half Big Macs [Ref 4], and almost your whole days’ worth of salt (6g) in just one meal.
  • Pizza Express’ ‘Warm Vegetable & Goats Cheese Salad’ containing 5g salt/serving – four fifths (83%) of your maximum recommended intake.
  • Wagamama’s ‘Lobster Super Salad’ contains 4.5g salt/serving – three quarters (75%) of your salt limit for the day in just one meal.
  • Nando’s ‘Mediterranean Salad with Chicken Breast’ which sounds like the healthy option contains a whopping 4.00g salt/serving, that’s two thirds (67%) our maximum recommended intake.
  • Of the supermarket salads, examples of those with the largest amount of salt/serving include:
  • Morrisons ‘Chicken & Bacon Pasta Salad’ 2.8g salt/290g serving
  • Marks & Spencer ‘Chicken, Bacon & Sweetcorn Pasta Salad’ 2.58g salt/380g serving
  • Boots ‘Delicious Simply Tuna & Sweetcorn Pasta Salad’ 2.25g salt/300g serving
  • John West ‘Light Lunch Moroccan Style Salmon Salad’ 2.2g salt/220g serving

What’s interesting is that even the specially created foods which target the health conscious shopper e.g. superfood and detox salads, can also contain a high salt content. For example:

  • Pod ‘Chicken Detox Box’ contains 4.0g salt/serving (two thirds (67%) of our maximum recommended intake)
  • Pizza Express under 500 calories ‘Leggera Salmon Salad’ contains 2.4g salt/serving (over one third (40%) of our maximum recommended intake)

If you read the label, you can find lower salt options, however over one in ten (15%) salads would get a red (high) colour for salt, and two thirds (69%) would receive an amber (medium) colour [Ref 5]. The survey found some salads surveyed with much less salt added included a mixture from both restaurants and supermarkets, for example:

  • Boots Shapers ‘Moroccan Style Roasted Vegetable Salad’ 0.5g/225g serving
  • Caffè Nero ‘Chicken Salad with Caesar Dressing’ 0.5g/178g serving
  • Waitrose ‘Refreshing & Delicate Quinoa & Sugar Snap Pea Salad’ 0.51g/170g serving

NB. These are examples of salads where portion sizes are the whole packet and dressing is included
FoodSwitch, a free health app available on smartphones and can easily help you choose healthier and lower salt salads [Ref 6]. Simply scan a products barcode and the app will instantly tell you whether the product is high (red), medium (amber) or low (green) in fat, saturates, sugar and salt per 100g.

Sonia Pombo, a nutritionist at CASH explains, “Say the word ‘salad’ and you tend to imagine a bowl of healthy stuff nestled amongst some leaves, but that’s not accurate. Whilst salad itself is both healthy and tasty, food manufacturers and restaurants continue to add unnecessary salt to the dish, which not only alters the taste and makes you feel bloated, but more seriously, can lead to high blood pressure – the main cause of strokes and heart attacks.”

In 2010, CASH conducted a similar salad survey [Ref 7] and thankfully the average salt content in supermarkets salads has reduced significantly by 35% since 2005, from 1.64g/portion to 1.26g/portion in 2010 and to 1.05g/portion in 2014. Congratulations to manufacturers that have made reductions.

Graham MacGregor, CASH Chairman and Professor of Cardiovascular Medicine at the Wolfson Institute, Queen Mary University of London says “It is nonsensical that something as seemingly healthy as a salad should contain an ingredient that is proven to be harmful to your health. Whilst we congratulate the responsible manufacturers that have gradually reduced the salt in their products, we urge ALL manufacturers to sign up to the Department of Health’s 2017 salt pledge [Ref 8] and to cut the salt in their dishes now. Many salads are deceptively high in salt, and the very large variation of salt content shows that the highest ones can easily be reduced. The food industry needs to show much greater responsibility for its customers’ health.”
Top tips for making healthier salad choices;

  • Keep an eye out for salty ingredients e.g. cheese, capers, anchovies etc. These will easily up your salt intake
  • Beware misleading portion sizes on front of pack e.g. a third of a packet, or 1 tablespoon. This gives
  • favourable values for front of pack labelling, when realistically you would eat the whole packet
  • Many salad dressings are packed with salt and calories. Choose one with less salt, add less to your salad, or
  • leave it out completely
  • Make your own salad! Opt for healthy low salt ingredients, and make your own dressing e.g. olive oil and a
  • squeeze of lemon juice. Pack your salad with herbs for extra flavour
  • Check the label! Use FoodSwitch to make switching easier
  • For a more flavoursome salad, add unsalted beans, pulses, nuts and seeds

For for information, consult the PDF’s:

CASH (Consensus on Salt & Health)

HEALTHY SALADS STUFFED WITH SECRET SALT REVEALED IN NEW SURVEY BY CASH > Salads Survey Press Release

CASH (Consensus on Salt & Health) SALADS SURVEY FULL DATA > View PDF

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